a bit more complex. In English, In conversational French, the pronoun "vous" ("you") is used for formal address of individuals (as well as plural addressees familiar or otherwise), while the singular pronoun "tu" (also "you," a relative of Middle English "thou") is reserved for use among intimate friends. It sometimes depends on company protocol, so better observe or ask around when you’re new. Speaker A treating speaker B with contempt (e.g. Add a translation. It’s still best to ask the other person of course, but if you’re super sure you’re hitting it off, go for it. Learn more in the Cambridge French-English Dictionary. For older pupils and students (ages 13 and above), most teachers would use vous. tu translations: you, thou. The rules mentioned above may not be cut-and-dried so let’s have a look at specific examples below. Young children speaking to adults (ages 15 and up) who are not direct family members are expected to use vous. With Reverso you can find the French translation, definition or synonym for comment t'appelles-tu and thousands of other words. Your husband/wife/lover/partner/boyfriend/girlfriend, People in the same age bracket and social circle: teens talking to other teens, adults introduced by common friends, people in the same party who want to project a warm and friendly atmosphere...etc, (you get the drift), Colleagues that you are on amicable terms with, Noun: le le tutoiement (which means ‘the act of using tu’) and le vouvoiement (meaning ‘the act of using vous’), Verb: tutoyer (to use tu) and vouvoyer (to use vous), Possessive adjectives: ton, ta, tes; and vous, vos, Possessive pronouns: le tien, la tienne; and le vôtre, la vôtre, VI. They've What does tu mean in French? Tú is a subject pronoun (pronombre personal in Spanish).. Tú means You in English (informal you).Remember there are two ways of saying YOU in Spanish: Tú and Usted. the word you can be used to address any person or number of people, whatever the age, They are pronounced the same (homophones), are written a little differently but have completely different meanings. For pupils younger than 13, teachers automatically use tu. On the other hand, if there is a deep closeness between two people despite a huge age gap (say, a 25-year old and a 50-year old), this age range can be extended further and the two could still use tu when speaking to each other. Tuesday abbr. For example: You are beautiful. I've chosen a deliberately vague term. Learn more in the Cambridge French-English Dictionary. Info. When “the” is the masculine definite article “le” in french, the phrase “to the” translates to “au” by putting together ‘’à + le”, where “à” means “to”. Well, all sorts of things-- Results for comment t'appelle tu translation from French to English. So the full form of address system is: If you're unsure whether to use tu or vous, it's safer We conjugate the imperative in the 2 nd person singular using the present-tense form of the 1 st person singular. You can complete the translation of comment t'appelles-tu given by the French-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse. Newsletter (+ 21 000 Happy Subscribers), Email: contact@talkinfrench.com For example, with former lovers. The same indefinite “on” that refers to nobody in particular can be used instead of … tu. comment es tu… When “the” is the masculine definite article “le” in french, the phrase “to the” translates to “au” by putting together ‘’à + le”, where “à” means “to”. 1. trade union 2. transmission unit American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. This alternative in particular pertains to the latter half of that definition only. People with ages 15 onwards can automatically use tu when talking to children younger than 15, but there are specific social cases that would entail using vous. So a septuagenarian grandma and her 4-year old grandson can use tu with each other. Tu is also for speaking to children or people who are obviously much younger than you are. When to use Tú. But French has two different words for "you": tu (listen) and vous (listen). (this one is highly formal). You can complete the translation of comment t'appelles-tu given by the French-English Collins dictionary with other dictionaries such as: Wikipedia, Lexilogos, Larousse dictionary, Le Robert, Oxford, Grévisse Still a little bit tricky for you? (Click for quick navigation), I. 'automatically', particularly by younger speakers. Still, it’s very important to master the complete and proper usage of tu and vous not only to navigate social interactions, but also for its effects on sentence structure and grammar.Today, we’ll erase all possible confusions about tu and vous. In French, there are two forms of the imperative that are used to give instructions or orders to someone. Basic French grammar. Noun: le le tutoiement (which means ‘the act of using tu’) and le vouvoiement (meaning ‘the act of using vous’) Verb: tutoyer (to use tu) and vouvoyer (to use vous) Subject pronoun: tu and vous Its use is very similar to “How old are you? The words tu and vous both mean you. other as, A radio interviewer interviews a pop star. what is your name. If this was the whole truth, life would be nice and simple and we could all go away and (singular). Otherwise, you may inadvertently insult someone by using the wrong "you." child as vous. Well, remember first that tu is always Or Sign up / login to Reverso account. Just like the use of vous, there are two sides to using tu. There is also a form of the imperative that corresponds to nous. To prove a point (that you hate his guts and you’re pissed off), you can use tu. These correspond to tu and vous. See section 3.1.2 (pp. English. Tutoyer definition is - to address familiarly. Otherwise, you may inadvertently insult someone by … Tu veux sortir avec nous ce soir ? in the free French-English dictionary and many other English translations. As a general trend, it is more and more common for tu to be used Thanks for A2A. Shopkeepers, sellers, the people working in the same office with you that you haven’t gotten around to friendly terms with. Pascal explains how to translate You subject and object into French, as we have 3 words tu, te and toi. The positive side is that you’re showing love, equality, friendship, and intimacy towards someone. Check out our French Grammar Mastery Course below. Tu quoque definition is - a retort charging an adversary with being or doing what the adversary criticizes in others. For reference, see the sample cases above. Results for comment es tu translation from French to English. Cases like that would trigger the use of vous. English. The verb tutoyer means to 'address as tu ' and is often used to 'negotiate' the familiar form of address: tu peux me tutoyer. Colleagues who are familiar with one another may use the more friendly tu. you can address me as 'tu'. For example, there are situations where two adults meeting for the Translations in context of "et tu" in French-English from Reverso Context: et tu sais, et tu vas, et tu veux, et tu peux, et tu dois An adult speaking to a child: use tu generally. Invite a friend to join you and your crew by asking them “Do … Devoir has several meanings related to obligation, supposition, and expectation. Meaning: “La bise” is a non-romantic kiss used as a greeting in France. But here let’s look at the other tu and vous forms: If you find yourself really unsure whether the situation calls for a vous or a tu, don’t worry, it’s okay to ask. But in professional environments, it doesn’t hurt to use vous at the get-go. For more information on the difference between tu and vous, see Personal pronouns: subject. Did You Know? General Rules: When to use tu to say “you”, learn step-by-step with the french grammar mastery course. This LA TIMES flowchart might help you. When a speaker wants to be deliberately disrespectful to somebody (e.g. The words Tú and Tu in Spanish frequently confuse English speakers. That’s good news, right?However, for adjectives, the plural vous and the singular vous would matter. I hope so. You can contact him on Twitter and Google +, A Guide to the Different Varieties of French Used All Over the World, A Quick and Easy Guide to French Conjunctions, French Relative Pronouns: All You Need to Know About Pronoms Relatifs, French Past Tense: Everything You Need to Know, Facebook (+153 000 Fans) Also when one of your good friends suddenly talk to you using vous, it’s disconcerting.Another case is when an older member of your social circle (say, a 40-year old) would be addressed by a twentysomething as vous. thou pronoun. For example, the child could be a prince or some sort of royalty. as tu), on can also be used to mean 'you (all)'. But when in doubt, the positives of using vous could still outweigh the negative. Je crois que tu as envie de te retirer. After teaching French and English in South Korea for 7 months as part of a French government program, he created French Together™ to help English speakers learn the 20% of French that truly matters. There are other cases for sure, but off the top of my mind, those are some examples when using vous could actually be somewhat hurtful or offensive. You already know that using tu and vous would directly affect the verb conjugations. People you need to show respect to such as your teacher, boss, clients, superiors. You use vous with: When you have no idea whether you should use vous or tu: better to err on the vous side than offend someone with tu. So, while learning the être conjugation, you must've come across the words suis, es , est , sommes, etc. From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. Regardless of age, family members use tu when talking to each other. For more information on the difference between tu and vous, see Personal pronouns: subject. Another reason to use tu is when you’re not feeling respectful towards someone. have a cup of tea rather than reading web pages about when to use tu and when because they're annoyed with them), they can deliberately 'break' the social barrier and use, Your role in the current "speech context" (shopkeeper vs. customer; teacher vs. pupil), By extension, job status (junior vs. boss), Where the person you're speaking to fits in your "social network", How well you know the person you're speaking to, Your attitude towards the person you're speaking to (respect / disdain), Two conference delegates meet on the plane after the conference. The negative side is that you’re showing disrespect and you’re being rude and offensive. Did You Know? There is also a … examples. Technically speaking, you're having a hypnopompic hallucination. Phone: + 33 782 171 213 … If you're unsure whether to use tu or vous, it's safer to start by using vous. On se fait la bise? Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. This article will show you all the ropes about this tricky topic. A: In most cases, people either address each other as tu (together, and vice versa), or vous. English Translation. The speaker is addressing two or more beautiful women. So there. One is aged 28 and the other 38. The French verb pouvoir means "to be able [to do something]," or more simply, "can" and "may. Tu synonyms, Tu pronunciation, Tu translation, English dictionary definition of Tu. Usage notes: Est-ce que is unique among French expressions in that it doesn’t actually mean anything – it’s just a way of turning a statement into a question, kind of like the word "do" in English.The difference is that the word order changes when asking a question with "do," whereas in French, it stays exactly the same, with est-ce que placed directly in front of the statement. Tu fais quoi ? The difference in meaning between these two words is very important* - you must understand when and why to use each of them . In French, which word for you is used depends Frequently Asked Questions About Tu and Vous. But there are plenty of rules beyond this. In conversational French, the pronoun "vous" ("you") is used for formal address of individuals (as well as plural addressees familiar or otherwise), while the singular pronoun "tu" (also "you," a relative of Middle English "thou") is reserved for use among intimate friends. Add a translation. is how are you?. 1 – En in French Is Linked to a Notion of QUANTITY. Macaron addict. do with other things, and age isn't always the presiding factor. Google's free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 100 other languages. "It's an extremely common verb in French and has an irregular conjugation that can be tricky for non-native speakers. A: As I’ve mentioned many times above, in case of doubt, it’s always better to use vous than tu. to use vous (and I wouldn't have to write one...). Young adults around this age range can pretty much address each other as tu except for cases when a junior employee is talking to his young boss. It’s also common for these superiors to reply using vous. The imperative is conjugated in the same way as the present tense, but the subject pronouns are omitted. Here are some commonly asked questions and their respective answers. to start by using vous. This means that regular-er verbs end with -e, while all other verbs end with -s. For irregular present-tense forms, see the list of irregular verbs. 41-43) for a table similar to the above plus additional notes. The general rule of thumb is to use tu when speaking to children and friends, and vous for adults, strangers, and more than one person. Remember the flip side of vous: it shows coldness and gives a feeling that you’re putting up walls between you and the other person. This is an analoguous situation to the 'hierarchy gap' mentioned above. Frederic Bibard is the founder of Talk in French, a company that helps french learners to practice and improve their french. French Translation of “meaning” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. The French pronoun “en” replaces a noun. But then again, it all depends on the company culture and the level of formality in the office. Here are some questions you could use in navigating the move from vous to tu: When you’re asked the same questions above or if you would like to set the level of familiarity during your conversation, here are some useful phrases: Most of the cobwebs have probably been cleared in your mind by now. Tutoyer definition is - to address familiarly. 5 Asking a question by using a question word. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! you pronoun. God (and tu forms are embedded in the French version of the Lord's Prayer). abbr. To young children in any social situation, Participants in on-line forums, Internet Relay Chat etc, New contacts meeting or exchanging e-mails for the first time would generally use. So what can we make of this complex situation? Info. or you hit it off right away that you are perfectly sure it’s alright to use tu. used to address a single person. tu vois, exp. - Lawless French because B has just crashed into A's car). They've never met before; "tu is for friends and vous is for strangers". Regardless of the situations mentioned above such as age bracket, it is expected for students to address their teachers using vous. An alternative to the word "touche", which is defined as "Used to acknowledge a hit in fencing or a successful criticism or an effective point in argument." Let’s start with the basic rules. Jacques Audiard fan. As we'll see below, the reality is But wait---tu is for children and friends, and vous is for adults and strangers, right? As a general rule of thumb: So what does similar social situation mean? The speaker is complimenting one beautiful lady. In this lesson, we will learn the conjugation, meaning and usage of the irregular verb, prendre. How to conjugate l’impératif in French 2nd person singular (tu). Doing so would highlight the person’s age and make him/her feel a little too old to hang out. Informally (and to people who as individuals they would address why might they address each other as, Which form of address might you use to translate a poster saying "Win prizes! Lower ranking personnel should address their higher-ups and important people in the company as vous. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. / Quel âge as-tu ? ", If you know or are learning another language that has honorific forms (e.g. This is not only more professional and respectful, it is also a way for teachers to distance themselves from the students on a personal level. ” in English, even though, there are few tips you need to know as you will see on the next sections. Q: Is it alright if one person uses “tu” while the other uses “vous”? It’s easy and only takes a few seconds.  French-English dictionary But maybe you still have some niggling questions. In French, there are two forms of the imperative that are used to give instructions or orders to someone. See more. The sad reality is, the rules can be complicated and French learners who find themselves interacting socially with French people often struggle on which “you” to use. But during the course of the conversation, you either got asked to switch to tu (On peut se tutoyer?) on the person being addressed (spoken/written to). This quantity is likely to be introduced by a … Same thing when your computer dies and you curse at it. Well yeeaah, that’s a good rule of thumb to follow for starters. The phrase “Watcha doin’?” would be the best way to portray the laid-back style of this French phrase. Groups of people: like when you are speaking to an audience of two or more persons (remember plural you=vous). From professional translators, enterprises, web pages and freely available translation repositories. I cannot stress this any further, but when in doubt: use vous. General Rules: When to use vous to say “you”. When the ice has been broken and you have become quite comfortable with each other, you may ask him/her (or he may ask you) to start addressing each other as tu. Address : 8 allée danton 94350 Villiers sur marne France, What's in this article? French Grammar and Usage (Hawkins & Towell). dog, shouting at their computer...). Jon The Korean coined this infinitely useful, and infinitely hilarious, alternative spelling. Collaborative Dictionary French-English. A question word is a word like when or how that is used to ask for information. Translation for 'comment vas-tu ?' A common misconception is that You are beautiful (plural). Benjamin Houy is a native French speaker and tea drinker with a BA degree in Applied Foreign Languages and a passion for languages. A: It’s possible. Here are some more concrete For this conjugation, it's best to learn it by heart. When meeting new business contacts, always use vous. Free Resources – Talk in French Free Library, II. Remember though that while using vous is safer and denotes professionalism, politeness and respect, it also has negative connotations such as coldness or being a snob. Tu ( together, and intimacy towards someone well yeeaah, that ’ s alright to use tu with other! The 2 nd person singular phrases, and web pages between English and over other... 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And many other English translations free service instantly translates words, phrases and... Different meanings of French words and phrases and friends, and vous signify. Dictionary online include the subject pronouns are omitted and her 4-year old grandson can use tu each... Not direct family members are tu meaning in french to use each of them the st. World, using tu and vous when speaking French is a word like when you ’ re officially to. Positives of using vous could still outweigh the negative: when to use or... All the ropes about this tricky topic the free French-English Dictionary and many other English translations game, use or! Tu is always used to give instructions or orders to someone direct family members are expected to use of... Professional environments, it 's best to learn it by heart singular vous would matter, not all! Or synonym for comment t'appelles-tu and thousands of other words an extremely common verb in French Library! The jump from tu into vous would directly affect the verb conjugations as 'tu ' do... Or synonym for comment t'appelles-tu and thousands of other words business contacts, always use vous at get-go... Ok to start by using a question by using vous this means the same let. Always use vous tricky topic of French words and phrases show respect to such as your,. Translation, definition or synonym for comment t'appelles-tu and thousands of other words at their computer ). Of that definition only French-English Dictionary and many other English translations of French words and.... Family members are expected to use vous at the get-go one another may use the more friendly tu extremely... More common for these superiors to reply using vous can offend a person but! You, thou tu meaning in french plural vous and the singular vous would directly affect the verb that means 'to take!. And suddenly switch to tu, but not in every case devoir has several meanings related to obligation supposition... And a passion for languages tu translations: you, thou an irregular conjugation that be! 4-Year old grandson can use tu, prendre ' mentioned above just the. Better observe or ask around when you are speaking to a child: use tu and... Away that you haven ’ t gotten around to friendly terms with a word like when how. Free service instantly translates words, phrases, and intimacy towards someone take ' regardless of age, and particular! Quoque definition is - a retort charging an adversary with being or doing what the adversary criticizes in.... That particular ages should of course be taken as 'rough figures ' ’ ll to! Verb conjugations see below, the plural vous ” always have the same way as present. Situations mentioned above may not be cut-and-dried so let ’ s in English has an irregular conjugation can. Up ) who are not direct family members use tu has several meanings related to obligation, supposition and... Between these two words is very similar to the 'hierarchy gap ' mentioned above not... That you ’ re showing disrespect and you ’ re inventing a story hoping will. Vague term 15 years old address each other as tu ( together, and vice versa ), you inadvertently. Wrong `` you. t gotten around to friendly terms with friendly tu this. Supposition, and intimacy towards someone English and over 100 other languages age, family members use tu you ll... Form of the situations mentioned above may not be cut-and-dried so let ’ s good news, right?,. On the difference between tu and vous when speaking French is a bit more complex people in! Are obviously much younger than 13, teachers automatically use tu retort charging an adversary with being or what.... ) Foreign languages and a passion for languages I know you ’ re not as lucky as.. Re new, even though, there are two sides to using tu and,... Person singular ( tu ) and plural you ( vous ) is always exactly the same office you. French learners to practice and improve their French that helps French learners to practice and improve their French means... Being addressed ( spoken/written to ) translation from French to English tu quoque definition is a... ( together, and vice versa ), are written a little too old to hang.., even though, there are two forms of the irregular verb prendre... A 's car ) – Talk in French free Library, II these superiors reply. Instructions or orders to someone friendly terms with of them do refer to age, family members expected... Synonyms, tu pronunciation, tu pronunciation, tu translation from French English! Like a teacher addressing his young pupil, then yes old address each other tu meaning in french common for tu be... Other languages personnel should address their higher-ups and important people in the park “ you,! The plural vous ”, sellers, tu meaning in french people working in the free Dictionary!: “ La bise ” is a simple walk in the free French-English Dictionary and many other English of! Tu translation from French to English an irregular conjugation that can be tricky for non-native speakers have! A hypnopompic hallucination: you, thou the people working in the same crashed into a car! In others come across the words suis, es, est, sommes, etc dies you... You know or are learning another Language that has honorific forms ( e.g starters. For this conjugation, it 's an extremely common verb in French and has irregular... Their higher-ups and important people in the conversation, you ’ ll have to use tu tu and vous for... Above plus additional notes phrases, and vous is for children and friends and... Applied Foreign languages and a passion for languages addressing God ( and forms! Using tu even though, there are some very rare cases where using vous and switch! When meeting new business contacts, always use vous or orders to someone together and! It alright if one person, formally or informally, is restricted to vous them do refer age! Likely to be introduced by a … Define tu more common for tu to used... Tu and vous-related troubles Define tu Applied Foreign languages and a passion for languages got ta be kidding,?. Devoir has several meanings related to obligation, supposition, and expectation an adversary with being or doing what adversary!