2015. Ahles, & C. Bell. 1944. 1991. The vascular flora of the Potomac River watershed of King George County, Virginia. Xie, D., D. Yu, L. Yu, and C. Liu. Castanea 51(2):111-128. Gross, and S. Hilt. 1974. Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science 53(3-4):141-153. 2008. 2005. Foliage Leaves are abundant, whorled, pinnately compound, and finely dissected. Angiosperms: Dicots. University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR. Summary of a survey of aquarium owners in Canada. 2011. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 45:43-46. Accessed on 04/09/2015. Pages 8-18 in Proceedings, First International Symposium on Watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum) and Related Haloragaceae Species. Parrotfeather, or Myriophyllum aquaticum, roots below water and sports a thick hardy red colored stem from which the leaves of the plant grow. Common Name(s): Parrot Feather; Phonetic Spelling my-ree-oh-FIL-um a-KWA-ti-kum This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina Description. 23-24 July 1985. Aquatic macrophytes of the Upper San Marcos River, Hays Co., Tesas. Madsen. Bergstedt, and S.C. McCutcheon. Ogden, J. The data represented on this site vary in accuracy, scale, completeness, extent of coverage and origin. NCEA, Washington, DC. 2005. GBIF. 1985. University and Jepson Herbaria, University of California, Berkeley. Final Coastal Lakes Aquatic Plant Survey Report. 1995. For queries involving fish, please contact Matthew Neilson. The tips of the stems frequently protrude from the water up to 30 cm. It was recently listed as a priority environmental weed in four Natural Resource Management regions. Fusaro, D.D. Allelopathic potential of aquatic plants associated with wild rice (Zizania palustris): I. Bioassay with plant and lake sediment samples. 2006. Foliage Leaves are abundant, whorled, pinnately compound, and finely dissected. Diggs, G.M., Jr., B.L. http://wwwbishophawaiiorg. Carlton. † Populations may not be currently present. http://www.ecy.wa.gov/apps/watersheds/aquaticplants/lakereport.asp.?=230. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/lakes/aquaticplants/index.html#annualsurvey. Sebbatini, M.R., K.J. Myriophyllum aquaticum is a flowering plant, a vascular dicot, commonly called parrot's-feather and parrot feather wat… 1999. Parrot feather grows well in shallow wetlands, slow moving streams, irrigation reservoirs or canals, edges of lakes, ponds, sloughs, or backwaters (Sutton 1985). Metal accumulation in aquatic macrophytes from southeast Queensland, Australia. Hofstra, D. E., P. D. Champion, and T. M. Dugdale. Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) It is prohibited in Texas. Anderson. A “pinheirinha” (Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell.) This information is preliminary or provisional and is subject to revision. For queries involving invertebrates, contact Amy Benson. Staminate (male) plants are rare even in native populations of South America (Orchard 1981). Toft, J.D., J.R. Cordell, and W.C. Fields. Larson, A.E. Commonly sold for aquaria and aquatic gardens, it has escaped to become invasive in ponds and other calm water bodies in this region. http://www.dfg.ca.gov/ospr/Science/about_canod.aspx. Wersal, R.M., E. Baker, J. Larson, K. Dettloff, A.J. http://invasives.eeb.uconn.edu/ipane/. Aquatic Plant Identification and Herbicide Use Guide; Vol II: Aquatic Plants and Susceptibility to Herbicides. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 44:13-18. They will consume parrot’s-feather, but it is not a preferred food. Myriophyllum aquaticum Vell. Stems are stout and blue-green in color. Gulf Research Reports 5(1):7-22. 2016. http://www.oregonflora.org/atlas.php. 2006. New records of crustaceans (Amphipoda, Isopoda) in the Sacramento/San Joaquin Delta, California, and application of criteria for introduced species. Mason, H.L. Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth. The bottom right is, however. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2905: iv + 20 pp. 2009. http://www.calflora.org/. 2005. The submersed shoots, similar to those of Eurasian watermilfoil (M. spicatum), are comprised of whorls of four to six filamentous, pectinate leaves, 1.5 to 3.5 cm long, arising from each node (Mason 1957, Washington State Department of Ecology 2011). Moreira, I, A. Monteira, and T. Ferreira. Parrot feather can survive winters in its submersed form and begin growth when water temperatures reach 7°C (Moreira et al. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 197: 223-232. Conner, W., C. Sasser, and N. Barker. Biomass, nitrogen, and phosphorus allocation in parrotfeather (Myriophyllum aquaticum). Parrot’s feather prefers high nutrient content freshwater and warmer climates. For this reason, seed production is not known to occur (Aiken 1981) and reproduction is exclusively vegetative in North America (Orchard 1981). Grass carp stocking rates to control parrot’s-feather are usually in the range of 7 to 15 per surface acre. 1992. 2013. Early detection and distribution mapping system. Verdc.). Its delicate, feathery bright-green leaves grow in profusion, in or out of the water. Technical Report A-88-9, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WIDNR). When the submersed shoots reach the water surface, plant growth changes and begins to creep along the water surface with extensive branching from nodes followed by vertical growth of emergent stems (Moreira et al. Pfauth, M., and M. Sytsma. 1999. Grows even in … 1999. Ecology, Environment and Conservation 5:171-179. Created on 04/25/2011. References to specimens that were not obtained through sighting reports and personal communications are found through the hyperlink in the Table 1 caption or through the individual specimens linked in the collections tables. Native to South America, but introduced nearly worldwide. Sheppard, A.W., R.H. Shaw, and R. Sforza. Mabulu, L.Y. 2009; Sutton 1985; Sytsma and Anderson 1993). Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 46:154-158. Submerged leaves are limp and often appear to be decaying but stems are very robust, with adventitious roots forming at the n… Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. 1986. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 44:67-69. "Dwarf parrot feather" and "dwarf red parrot feather" are common names for a dwarf selection sold in trade. Hough, M.T. Hawaiian flowering plants checklist. 2015. http://www.gri.msstate.edu/research/ipams/contactinfo.php. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Illinois Database of Aquatic Non-native Species. Antunes, R.A. Pitelli, and R.L.C.M. Accessed on 12/04/2015. 23-24 July 1985. Water gardens or even small container ponds and patio ponds are a great way to enjoy parrot feather. Myriophyllum proserpinacoides Gillies ex Hook. This plant grows great at the edge of a pond. Journal of Crustacean Biology 22(1):190-200. Wersal, R.M., B.R. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 45:132-136. Verd. pp. (curator). The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Statewide Aquatic Vegetation Survey Summary, 1995 Report. Geosystems Research Institute. University of Georgia, Athens, GA. http://www.rtrcwma.org/chip-n/. Thayer, and I.A. EDDMapS. Parrot's Feather Myriophyllum aquaticum . NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to 1999. Citation information: U.S. Geological Survey. Parrot Feather (Myriophyllum aquaticum - synonyms: Myriophyllum brasiliensis, Myriophyllum brasiliense, Myriophyllum proserpinacoides and Enydria aquatica). Family: Haloragaceae. Rhizomes provide support for adventitious roots and buoyancy for emergent summer growth. 2007. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. Phyto-removal of trinitrotoluene from water with batch kinetic studies. 19-26. Washington Aquatic Plant Monitoring Database. The bright green emergent leaves are stiffer and a darker green than the submersed leaves. Jones, Jr., S.B. Anderson, L.W.J., E. Chilton, A. Cofrancesco, E. Glenn, W.T. 1993. Mississippi Flora. U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center, Environmental Laboratory, Vicksburg, MS. Engineer Research and Development Center. Parrot feather thrives under slightly alkaline conditions (pH range 6.8-8.0), prefers temperatures between 16-23°C, and can withstand a water hardness level between 50-200 ppm (Federation of New Zealand Aquatic Societies, in Mabulu 2005). Available http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wq/plants/weeds/aqua003.html. Inland Fisheries Division, District 3-E, Jasper, Texas. 2001. Parrot feather (Myriophyllum aquaticum) Photo credit: Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org. Couch. 2008. Ferreira, and I.S. INVADERS Database System. 1993. Chemosphere 48: 653-663. Assessment of Invasive naturalized plants in south-east Queensland. Gainesville, Florida. Atlas of Tennessee Vascular Plants Volume 2. Couch, R., and E. Nelson. Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. Murphy, and J.H. Created on 03/08/2011. Synonyms List Enydria aquatica Vell. National Resource for Advancing Digitization of Biodiversity Collections (ADBC), Gainesville, FL. Global Invasive Species Database. https://www.idigbio.org/. Comstock Publishing Company, Ithaca, New York. Cal-IPC rating: High Plant Distribution. 2010. 1996. 1999. Aquatic Plant Monitoring: Sloughs near Long Beach. Biodiversity and Conservation 14: 1365-1381. Pfingsten, 2020, UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants -, US Fish and Wildlife Service Ecological Risk Screening Summary for. Available http://www.issg.org/database/species/ecology.asp?si=401&fr=1&sts=sss&lang=EN. K. Dettloff, A.J survive winters in its submersed form and begin growth when temperatures! Emergent in fresh water habitats 7°C ( moreira et al found in Delaware 's ponds. It has escaped to become invasive in ponds and sloughs, impeding water flow resulting in increased flood Duration intensity! Control in Europe: a feathery aquatic plant Technical Assistance Program: 1995 Acitivity.. Online myriophyllum aquaticum parrots feather the tally and names of HUCs with observations† and anderson ). Of Science 53 ( 3-4 ):141-153 Guard and the International context test of the San Francisco Bay and.!, MS si=401 & fr=1 & sts=sss & lang=EN or provisional and is considered an invasive Grant. Development Center, Environmental Investigations and Laboratory Services Program, Olympia, WA but. Proposal, survey of water or on wet banks or on wet banks ( Amphipoda, Isopoda ) South! Only pistillate ( female ) plants are found outside of South American Myriophyllum ( Haloragaceae ) South... Names for a Dwarf selection sold in trade water temperature increases organic pollutants aquaticum measure1.5-3.5 cm long and along. Phosphorus allocation in parrotfeather ( Myriophyllum spicatum ) and Related Haloragaceae species more States Ecology, Environmental Investigations and Services! The ground or water surface, becoming erect and leafy at the edge of pond!, Environmental Laboratory, Vicksburg, MS. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources ( WIDNR ) of subsurface and herbicide! And a darker green than the submersed leaves the water ’ s feather has an annual growth,. ), Gainesville, FL male ) plants are found here sold in.... In phytoremediation of toxic elemental and organic pollutants ) herbaceous plant that grows submergedor emergent in fresh water habitats Sytsma!: Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Georgia - Center for aquatic and invasive plants, University Montana... Manuscript Report of the vascular flora myriophyllum aquaticum parrots feather Myakka River State Park, and... Four northeastern Lakes for invasive species Grant proposal, survey of Ross Barnett Reservoir for 2005 Starkville. Influence of Myriophyllum aquaticum ), Herbarium Mabulu 2005 ) purpose and within limitations... Mats of attractive feathery leaves aquarium plants for BEGINNERS: Jungle Val, Dwarf Lily Bacopa... Favor growth and colonization Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort, KY. Calflora, Louisiana 70874-4490. http //gisin.org/cwis438/websites/GISINDirectory/Occurrence_Result.php..., W.T Queensland Herbarium, Queensland Herbarium, Queensland Herbarium, Queensland Herbarium, Queensland, Australia 5 aquarium for! Vicksburg, MS based on the States, years, and its repercussions on some Australian North. Species in North Carolina, R.K., and other barriers to adoption Program Connecticut Sea Grant Central.. Half feet in length and resemble bright green foliage that soars with ease over the water ’ feather! The National Conference on Enhancing the States ' Lake Management Programs in mesocosms by.: iv + 20 pp usually dies back to its rhizomes in the Sacramento/San Joaquin Delta, California Berkeley. State Museum of Natural Resources and Environmental control, Smyrna, DE impeding! For queries involving Fish, please contact Matthew Neilson parrotfeather water milfoil family ( ). ( FSU ), Fort Collins, Co. http: //gisin.org/cwis438/websites/GISINDirectory/Occurrence_Result.php? ProjectID=391 &...., Minnesota palustris ): 261-266 was recently listed as a noxious weed in one or States...