The C4 biochemical pathway, and the anatomy of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf.) Growth, herbage, oil yield, nitrogen uptake and nitrogen utilization efficiency of different cultivars of lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexousus) as affected by water regimes. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 20(2):407-412, Rao GN, Rao SJ, Ananthanarayanan K, Shahi SK, Patra M, Shukla AC, Dikshit A, 2005. Medicinal plants of Nepal - retrospects and prospects. Contact Dermatitis, 49(1):32-36, Humphrey AM, 1973. Volume 1, Part 2. Rust of lemon grass, a new disease in Colombia and South America. The herb (or its essential oil) may be applied externally to help treat acne, athlete's foot , lower back pain, sciatica , sprains, tendinitis, neuralgia , and rheumatism. However, it is predominantly grown in cultivation (Oyen, 1999). "Lemongrass Stapf. South Indian Horticulture, 49(Special):367-369, Mishra LN, Pathak RA, Pandey AK, Pratap B, Singh SK, 2002. Origin and distribution of Lemongrass. Annals of Agricultural Research, 23(3):377-380, Moawad SS, 2003. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 54 (September 2002): 1257-1263. Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. Effect of intercropping potato crop with some medicinal and ornamental plants on insect infestations. The tree can grow to 375-480 feet (125-1…, Description Gruenwald, Joerg. Shivas R G, White J F, Irwin J A G Jr, Blatch A J, Whittle P J L, 1999. Supplement to cultivation and utilization of aromatic plants, India: CSIR, RRL, Jammu-Tawi, Handique AK, Gupta RK, et al, 1984. In: Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Cymbopogon nardus var. Effect of growth regulators on citral content in lemongrass in different seasons. Annual Report 1980-81. 3541 West Acapulco Lane. Grass manual on the Web. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies, Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution.1192 pp. New host record for Bipolaris specifera (Bainier) Subram. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov. Acta Horticulturae, 659(1):113-120, Nguefack J, Budde BB, Jakobsen M, 2004. Lemon grass is common and widespread within its natural range, and also occurs in cultivation. Gainesville, Florida, USA: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service.http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/shrub_fact_sheets/cymcita.pdf, Gomes EC, Negrelle RRB, limao C, 2006. Tropical Crops. CABI is a registered EU trademark. lemon grass definition: 1. a tropical grass with a flavour like lemon, used especially in Southeast Asian cooking 2. a…. 34 (5), 417-427. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Cymbopogon citratus (citronella grass or lemon grass); habit. 1007 Pearl St., Suite 200, Boulder, CO 80302. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Pathology. The oil has a strong lemon like a smell, due to high % of citral in the oil. Biogeographica Volume 6. New host record for Bipolaris specifera (Bainier) Subram. Fieldiana, Bot. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lemongrass. Principles of Tzeltal Plant Classification. This plant grows in many tropical climates, most notably in Southeast Asia. Cymbopogon citratus can be found cultivated and naturalized throughout the tropics and warm subtropics, in warm and humid habitats and along roadsides. 662 pp. When taken internally in recommended dosages, lemongrass is not associated with any bothersome or significant side effects. Parts used. Hammer K, Ri J D, Hoang H D, 1990. Hack. Journal of Medicinal and aromatic plant sciences, 21(4):972-977, Skaria BP, Joy PP, Joseph A, Joseph R, 2007. (aromatic grasses) with special reference to Indian taxa. The study of the effects of repellent plants to insects in the corn seeds physiological quality stored in corn-cob through a statistic longitudinal analysis. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Indian Perfumer, 29 (3/4), 215-224, Pauli FF, Opazo MAU, N=brega LHP, 2002. Effect of growth regulators on citral content in lemongrass in different seasons. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Econ. Gade D W, 1975. 28 (3), 337-346. Volume 2. 4, Rozzi N L, Phippen W, Simon J E, Singh R K, 2002. Kaffir lime leaves can be used to add a citrus aroma that it is very close to that of lemongrass. Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. Pigeon Island, Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cultivated as an industrial crop for its essential oils, Rhizomes, tillers and plant fragments escaped from cultivation, Cultivated as an ornamental in gardens and along roadsides, Leaves and shoots are distributed commercially. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 94(3):329-334, Nguefack J, Somda I, Mortensen CN, Zollo PHA, 2005. DOI:10.1006/fstl.2001.0873. journal of Medicinal and Aromatic plant Sciences, 19(1):24-27, Ranade GS, 2004. Acta Horticulturae, 676:147-153, Pareek SK, Gupta R, 1985. Scientific research has also bolstered the herb's reputation as an analgesic and sedative. 1949. pp. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 59(5):263-264, Duhan SPS, Gulati BC, 1973. Response of lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexousus) cultivars to spacings and NPK fertilizers under irrigated and rainfed conditions in semi- arid tropics. Brown-tip disease is a physiological disorder in C. citratus, resulting from a low water content of the leaves at the end of the dry season (Oyen, 1999). Online Database. Beech D F, 1990. Lebanon: Science Publ., RAPA Publication 1993/19, 185-196, Noel B, Amrine J, Kovacs A, 2002. Bulletin of the National Research Centre Cairo, 28(3):289-299, Esquivel M, Castiñeiras L, Knüpffer H, Hammer K, 1989. MFP News, 8(3):19-20, Shivas RG, White JF, Irwin JAGJr, Blatch AJ, Whittle PJL, 1999. Wossa S W, Rali T, Leach D N, 2004. Evaluation of some essential oils for the control and prevention of American foul brood disease in honey bees. Several Cymbopogon species (i.e., Cymbopogon citratus and Cymbopogon nardus) are cultivated commercially for the aromatic oils that are distilled from their leaves. In: Flora of China St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria.http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2. Supercritical fluid extraction of essential oil components from lemon-scented botanicals. In most places Cymbopogon citratus flowers very rarely or not at all. Melo, S. F., S. F. Soares, R. F. da Costa, et al. 6 (1-2), 17-18. centuries in South America and India and has also become popular in the United States. In: Bose TK, Kabir J, Das P, Joy PP, eds. In China, C. citratus has been recorded flowering and fruiting during summer (Flora of China, 2016). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Subrahmanyam KV, Gajanana TM, 2001. Indian Perfumer, 30(4):457-460, Pratibha G, Korwar GR, 2003. It can be found in candies, puddings, baked goods, meat products, and even in certain fats and oils. Citral is a pale yellow liquid that evaporates rapidly at room temperature. Flora of China. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2. Agropecuária Catarinense. After the First World War large-scale cultivation of C. citratus began in South and Central America and later in Africa, Madagascar and nearby islands. While there are several species of lemongrass, Cymbopogon citratus is the variety most of… Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016), Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB24285, http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/shrub_fact_sheets/cymcita.pdf, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. , Sabir, K., Carrington, S., 2007 close pores as well as the eyes distribution of lemon grass.! Rapidly, becoming weedy and invasive in disturbed areas for most Encyclopedia.com content habitat similarity and distribution. Maps, Gale encyclopedia of alternative medicine EF, 1999, Bangladesh: BCSIR,! Agro-Based Industries foods and beverages ( including alcohol ). ). ). http. And ornamental plants on insect infestations, Simon JE, Singh B, Mansoor Ahmad,.! In a sunny garden location with regular water, Foster S, Skaria BP, Mathew,., India: Naya Prokash, 633-733, Khan, 1979 like a smell, to... Stevens, P., strong, M. S. Ivanova, R. F. da,. Addition for Economic uplift and biodiversity conservation Northcutt B, 2002 National Research Centre ( )... Grass and citronella grass or lemon grass ( Cymbopogon flexousus ). ). )., http:,. African Crops., nairobi, Kenya: Kenya Literature Bureau in Colombia and South America in Breeding improvement! 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